15 Wilderness Bushcraft Skills For Surviving 100 Days Alone in the Wild [Video]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0cdQXp80pb8

It is said that there are four pillars of survival water fire food and shelter in this video I am going to show you how
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to effectively master these components and reveal some key skills that you might end up needing when out in the
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wilderness but before I do I have a question to ask you would you be willing to spend 100 days alone in the
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wilderness with just ten items ultimate challenge $1,000,000 would you be able to survive 100 days in the
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Arctic it's the biggest prize and alone history I make my man how hard can you work for ten thousand dollars a day with
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great reward hello premieres Thursday June 11th attend I would like to thank History
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Channel for sponsoring this episode of ta outdoors the new season of the epic survival series alone starts this
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Thursday 11th June at 10:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time this year sees the biggest plot twist in
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the series history survive 100 days for 1 million dollars no one has ever lasted this long the series will take place in
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the Arctic where the survivalists will have to endure the brutally cold environment and the aggressive predators
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that roam this land see the link in the description for more information on the show water the number one resource we
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need to survive and probably the number one natural resource we take for granted the most at home we can access it
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through the town of attack but in the wilderness it might not be that easy there are many techniques you can use to
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locate and collect water sometimes a simple understanding of geography might be all that you need take this shot for
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example you will notice a valley with two steep sides this v-shaped valley was formed hundreds of thousands of years
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ago by glaciers carving their way through the softer Rock what it leaves behind is these valleys in the shape of
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a V at the base of these valleys there is a very high chance that you will find a river stream or some form of flowing
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water but how do you find water in areas where there is no fresh running rivers streams or lakes and the climate you are
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in is hot and arid if you have on you a plastic bag you can tie this around some leaves at the tip of branches on small
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trees and shrubs wait a few hours and the Sun will encourage evaporation to take
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this water vapor that comes out of the leaves will begin to condense and water droplets will begin to form on the
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inside of the bag in this example it is the beginning of June and the outdoor temperature is 24 degrees Celsius you
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can see that within 10 minutes of placing this bag on the leaves it is beginning to show condensation and just
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a few hours later you can begin to see water droplets forming on the inside of the bag although not much these might
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well be the vital few drops of water you need to survive if you have no container to collect water you can either use a
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tarp or even use any cloth type material such as ashemark hang it out in the rain and allow it to absorb water afterwards
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wring it out to collect the rainwater it will hold this water for a while so you can carry it with you as you move you
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can also make a wooden cup from a small log just split it into four sections carve a small notch in the bottom end of
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these sessions take out some of the wood on the inside with your knife and then lash all four pieces back together again
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you will now have a cavity on the inside of your cup which you can use to collect water water is the number one priority
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to staying alive in the wilderness it should be right up there at the top however in certain circumstances shelter
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may need to come first for example if you are caught out in the middle of a storm I have built a number of
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substantial bushcraft shelters over the years most of which are inspired by my ancestors that lived and occupied
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Britain hundreds of years ago I have got a Viking house with bark roof an anglo-saxon pit house built from pine
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with thatched water read as a roofing material as well as a turf roof viking shelter inspired by the icelandic
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vikings all of these are great but in a survival scenario they are far too time-consuming to build and as a result
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they'd burn many calories if there were no natural large rock formations to sleep under and
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if there were a plentiful supply of wood I would opt for a simple a-frame shelter to build an a-frame shelter you first
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need a ridge Pole you can either lash one stick to two other sticks which would involve the use of cordage or if
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you can you could find a natural Ridge Pole either from a tree that has fallen down and is wedged between other trees
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or by leaving a long log up against the fork in a tree or a rock it needs to be sturdy enough to hold your bodyweight
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best to test it out before building begins the next step is to place sticks against the ridge pole in this example I
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am building this shelter using my bare hands and no tools whatsoever to save energy and reduce the chance of getting
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an injury you can wedge sticks in between two trees and use this as a pivot point to help snap the sticks to
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size once the framework for the shelter is complete it's time to add more natural material to make it more
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waterproof and add insulation in this particular area I am surrounded by moss the reason it grows here is because the
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forest is dense with trees which prevents much sunlight from hitting the forest floor this allows moss to
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flourish and grow well in these conditions rather than rip the moss up in chunks you can actually roll it which
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keeps the root system intact and eventually will help it to continue to grow on the shelter Moss is a great
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insulator and it will help protect you from cold winds and rain however it will not make your shelter entirely
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waterproof this particular shelter was built in under an hour and it will last many months before it will begin to
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weaken a great short-term shelter it allows you a warm place to sleep so you can then focus on building a more
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permanent camp there are many different ways to light a fire fire has helped humans to survive
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for thousands of years and it is still used to this day in our everyday lives the ability to be able to light a fire
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in the wilderness is one of the most essential skills that you can have in a survival situation if you have a
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ferrocerium rod in your kit you can light so many different types of natural material one of the best and most
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effective pieces of natural material for this is the bar from a silver birch tree simply scrape the outer bark into small
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shavings shower it with sparks from your Ferro rod and it won't be long until you have a flame this can also be done in
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wet conditions when the bark is done one of the more traditional and aesthetic ways to light a fire is by using a piece
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of flint and a steel striker before the match was invented the flint and steel was the more common way to light fire
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flint is a hard sedimentary form of mineral quartz it has been used by our primitive ancestors to make cutting
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tools and arrow and spear heads if you strike the hard sharp edge of a piece of Flint against high carbon steel you get
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sparks if you catch these sparks onto a soft tinder either dry grass or perhaps man-made char cloth if you have some
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then the spark can be blown into a flame this traditional method of fire lighting is highly satisfying but it can be
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difficult in wet and windy conditions so what if you have no lighter matches flint and steel or ferrocerium rod how
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do you then light a fire the next method is primitive fire fire by friction a common friction fire lighting method is
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the bow drill using a thin stick as a spindle at another stick cut to a flat shape to make a half board you can begin
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to make your fire you will need another stick to make your bow using some cordage wrap this around both
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ends of your bow and attach it to your spindle by twisting it burning the board first with a few slow and consistent
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movements cut a small notch with your knife this is for collecting the dust that you will create once your hearth
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board is ready begin to work the bow and spindle back and forth increasing downward pressure as you do so when you
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start to see smoke don't stop keep going for a few more seconds and you should have yourself an ember allow this Ember
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to establish and then place it in a tinder bundle and blow it to flame getting the Ember is not the hard part
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getting the Ember turning into a flame can be tricky there are a few factors that you need to consider such as the
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type and dryness of the wood that you are using plus the climate and conditions that you are in practice it
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in humid conditions cold conditions and wet conditions but what if you have no cordage to make
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a total how do you then light a fire the hand drill is an even more rudimental form of a bow drill and it is much
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harder to master it still utilizes the same principles through friction heat and oxygen to help you get that flame it
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takes time and patience to learn this method but it is a key survival skill to know having the knowledge of where your
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food comes from and how it arrives on your dinner plate every day is something that we should all have a good
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understanding of the ability to harvest your own food from the wild is key to turning a survival situation into a
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comfortable thriving environment having a good foundation knowledge of basic wild edibles is a good place to start as
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you generally won't need any tools or equipment to gather them for example the humble stinging nettle Ithaca diosa
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despite its appearance and all-too-common stinging properties it's actually packed full of vitamin A
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vitamin C iron potassium manganese and calcium in its peak season nettle contains up to 25% protein dry weight
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which is high for a leafy green vegetable the leaves can also be dried and used to make a herbal tea it has
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been used to treat disorders of the kidney cardiovascular system influenza and gastrointestinal tract the stem of
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the plant contains bast fiber which can be used to make cordage there are many more uses for this plant however you
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cannot survive on Nettles alone at some point you will need to up the fat and protein content in your diet so that
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your body doesn't waste away the ability to catch fish by Rod online is not only hugely rewarding but it is also a key
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skill to have under your belt being able to read the water know the state of the tide
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what lure fly or bait to use what are the fish themselves actually eating knowing how to dispatch clean fill it
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and cook a fish will make your time in the world much more comfortable if you don't have access to a fishing rod you
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may need to use a more rudimental piece of equipment such as a hobo han line you can make a hand line by hollowing out a
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stick this particular one has been made on a pole lathe the beauty of the hand line is that it's compact and
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lightweight ideal if you need to travel long distances you can fill the hand line with either monofilament line
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braided line or even bank line if you hollow out the inside of the handle you can use it to store fishing hooks
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weights and lures once baited up it can be a little tricky to cast but if you keep the line taut and against the tip
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of your fingers you should be able to feel a fish bite when you do pull back hard to give a good hook set knowing how
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hard to play fish both on rod and line or with a hand line is also an important aspect of catching your own food another
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form of catching your own food is by net the gill net can be incredibly effective when placed in the right area but this
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is more of a passive fishing technique a drop net however can be a great way to catch crustaceans such as crab and
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lobster simply put some bait in the net making sure it is secure and drop it down to the seabed after 30 to 40
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minutes pull the net up to check your bait or if you want to be more active with your foraging swim down and grab
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your crustacean direct from the net the benefit of this form of fishing and foraging is that you can drop multiple
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Nets across a wide area giving you a greater chance of catching fish if you have no
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man-made materials you can make traps from natural materials as the climate is fine or honeysuckle
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here is an example of one of these traps made by my friend Dustin from bushcraft tools but what if you have no man-made
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equipment or tools and you need to catch food fast for this you can actually use nothing but your bare hands crayfish
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like to live under rocks and boulders if the clarity of the water is good you can often spot them crawling around on
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the riverbed if you are quick you can pin them to the ground avoiding their pincers they taste incredible and you
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can either boil them or cook them directly over a fire when you combine all of these four pillars together that
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is when you can begin to thrive which leads on to the fifth and final pillar of survival and that is the ability to
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thrive once you have access to food fire water and shelter you can begin to make life more comfortable for yourself for
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example you can use bushcraft and wood craft to create tables chairs benches cooking grains pot hangers and much more
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this will help you to keep your mind occupied and it will allow you to focus on thriving in the environment that you
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are in thank you for watching this video if you enjoyed it please share it with your friends a big thanks also to
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History Channel for sponsoring this episode of ta outdoors don't miss all new episodes of alone Thursdays at 10:00
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p.m. on History see you next time I think this year in the Arctic the conditions are going to be harsh and
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it's gonna be rough terrain this is the most extreme thing I've ever done but I'm very confident that I have
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what it takes to be the last person out there I'm gonna go a hundred days a hardship
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I think the Arctic is gonna provide some new challenges but the extreme conditions are gonna be no problem for
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me I hope to make you four out of that more than anything it would be a chance for me to simplify my life even further
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than I already have it's gonna be tough competition for sure but I feel good I feel ready hi
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everybody I'm gonna go a hundred days one of the great things about this show is there's
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no score it's really you in the land there's a reason that there's not cities built up here that people aren't running
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around all over the place it's mother nature at her finest and she's gonna keep what's hers I'm just
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ready to get out there make the most of it [Music]
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I've been fair old my whole life he's turned loose into the woods there's a little boy hunted fish trap pretty much
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lived outside for 30-something years how to live it it's not something I just do from time to time it's not something to
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play at I'm in it every day it's just my way of life it's the opportunity of a lifetime I have a nine-to-five job
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there's a decent mechanic I don't hate it but I would really be doing this all the time
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a million dollars would give me the freedom to continue living like I'm living probably indefinitely we
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basically mean SuperDuper early retirement you

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