20 Wilderness Survival Tips and Bushcraft Skills

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZndJO2jUJk

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The world we live in has changed dramatically in the last few months with millions of us adapting to life under
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lockdown many are struggling with self isolating and social distancing now is a good time as any to put your mind to
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something and develop your knowledge of nature and the outside world we need to go back to basics to reset the clock and
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focus on what really matters we need to learn from this in this video I'm going to show you 20 survival tips that might
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help you when you find yourself out in the wilderness before I get into it I'd like to thank Skillshare for sponsoring
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the episode Skillshare is an online learning community that provides thousands of courses and inspiring
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classes for those people looking to be creative and learn new skills to keep boredom anxiety and lethargic nurse at
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maintaining my full-time job I've been watching Greg McKeon's class on simple productivity and how to accomplish more
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with less it's taught me how to prioritize and use my time more wisely something I've never been good at
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to the first 1,000 people who click the link in the description box to help you explore your creativity and after that
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it's only around $10 a month now let's learn some survival skills dole dénia concentric ax the cramp or focus also
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known as the coal fungus it can be found on dead or decomposing ash trees when dry this fungus can take a spark from a
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ferrocerium rod and it can burn for many hours as well as its use in fire lighting it can also be used as a
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mosquito repellent simply split the top of a stick into four using your knife use small sticks to wedge it open
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place your smoldering crumpled fungus inside and cover with moss this will create a pungent smoke which will deter
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flying bugs from your camp these bug torches can burn for many hours and can be moved from place to place the humble
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tin can it has many uses in the survival world snap off the ring pull by gently moving
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it backwards and forwards break one end of the ring and bend it 90 degrees using a stone sharpen the tip by rubbing it
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against the rough surface to create a sharp point now you have a makeshift fishing hook tie this to some string or
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fishing line bait it up with worms grubs or maggots and you are good to go the rest of the tin can can be used to make
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a candle lantern or stove using your knife and some gloves so you don't cut yourself cut down the length of the tin
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can then make two more cuts across the top and the bottom of your first stop it should form the shape of a capital I
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gently fold out the side walls of the can and you have a candle lantern with built in wind deflectors if you need to
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cook food or boil water simply light a fire and add twigs to the stove place your cooking container on top and just
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keep feeding twigs to keep the fire going you can get a much stronger flame by facing the opening of the tin can
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towards the wind the extra oxygen being forced into the fire will result in a more efficient burn many coniferous
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trees produce resin a sticky glue-like substance which helps the tree protect itself from various pests and heal any
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wounds from broken branches you can collect the white resin using your knife or a stick I would recommend using a
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stick as the resin is hard to get off your knife collect it in a metal container a tin can works well put this
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on the fire and wait for it to melt once melted it will look like black tar this is called pitch it is very flammable due
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to the high levels of resin when it has cooled begin molding it around a small stick
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you can use your hand once it is cool enough to do so once it has completely cooled it will go rock-hard
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this is nature's primitive glue you can take it with you in your camping kit and melt it back down again whenever you
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need it I use some recently to weather seal the mortise and tenon joints on the anglo-saxon house that we have been
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constructing there is a link to this series in the video description if you find yourself in the woods and you have
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no cup to drink or collect water from then fear not you can fashion one out of a stick – thick or small log with a
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diameter of around three inches and a height of roughly six inches place your knife blade down the middle of the wood
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and carefully batten it down until the blade cuts through before you split the log entirely make another cross-section
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cut at 90 degrees to the one you just made now split the log into four separate pieces number each individual
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piece of the log on the underside using a pen charcoal or a stick wiped in mud this will help you piece
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them back together again when it comes to finishing the cup on each individual piece saw a groove about an inch above
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the bottom of the cup then use your knife to split the inner parts of the quarters off tidy these cuts up
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afterwards to make sure they are smooth and even now when you put the pieces back together again
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you will have a cavity fasten the cut together with some cordage here I am using bank line and a simple lashing
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make a loop wrap your cordage around this loop pass the tag end through the loop and pull it down into the lashing
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there is a more detailed video on this on my channel now the Cup is finished that will check there are no gaps by
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holding it up to a light background such as the sky your cup will definitely leak slightly as water always finds the
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easiest route however if you submerge it in water for a few hours the wood will absorb this water expand and close the
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gaps hand sanitizer is in high demand these days but it has more uses than just
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keeping your hands clean from the Rohnert alcohol-based sanitizers contain varying amounts and types of alcohol
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often between 60% and 95% the one I'm using here has a high percentage of ethanol a flammable substance squirt
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some of this gel onto some wood and ignite it with a match or lighter although it looks invisible there is
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actually a flame there this is because ethanol burns with a smokeless blue flame it is not always visible in normal
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light hold a couple of sticks above it for a few seconds and before you know it you will have yourself Fire Lord Jesus
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there's a fire hey nobody can tap a net if you find yourself in the wilderness and you have no cordage nature can
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provide the roots of many conifer trees grow relatively shallow even more so in densely populated Woodlands where these
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trees are fighting for light simply use a stick and dig down a few inches until you find a root follow the route along
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and gently pull it up take off the rigid outer layer of the root using two sticks this will expose the flexible inner
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layer you can meet the root even more flexible by further splitting it down with a knife you can then take this one
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step further by bashing the roots with a stick to break up the fibers if you soak them in water for an hour or so this
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will make it easier to tie knots with you can use the root as it is for a simple binding or you can weave two or
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three roots together to make two or three ply rope this will be much stronger than just the root on its own
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use the roots to lash sticks together when building bushcraft shelters or making primitive traps if you can't get
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a fire going because the wood is wet split it down to expose the dry inner wood using your knife at a shallow angle
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gently carve off thin strips like a feather keep these feathers on the stick place your fire steel or Ferro rod
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against the flat side of the there and shower sparks onto the thin feathers doing it in this way means that
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you do not flick your wood shavings elsewhere and end up getting the wet gently rotate the stick to allow the
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flame to crawl up the wood shavings and get stronger quick tip note that I made very small curls at the base of the
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stick when I finished this is so that they are more likely to ignite when using a Ferro rod clematis is a climbing
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vine that is commonly found in deciduous woodlands here in the UK it has many uses if you find yourself in the woods
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with no backpack or carrying container you can fashion a basket using the vine of the clematis you will often find it
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climbing up a large tree pull the vine down but note don't take the whole plant one or two vines is all you need you
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will need to gather various diameter of vine the main frame of the basket needs to be about one to one-and-a-half inches
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thick and then some smaller thinner ones are needed for the weave firstly make a spider-like structure with three pieces
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of the large vine then using the thinner diameter weave in and out going diagonally across the large vine each
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time once you have your main framework in place you can begin your weave start with the thin vines and weave over and
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under the thick vines once you have weaved an area for the base of the basket you can begin to use
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the thicker vines weaved in and out to create the basket itself finally cut off the ends of the thick line or fold them
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back into the basket and leave two opposite ends remaining these can be lashed together to make a carrying
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handle and now you have yourself a basket which you could use for carrying your gear or harvesting wild edibles if
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you have the need to chop firewood but you have no solid chopping block you can use a log laid horizontally on the
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ground lean the log that you want to split against this base lock make sure only the top end of the log is touching
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the bottom log and chopped down to split the wood it is actually safer to do this with a longer
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axe and not a hatchet keep your knees bent and legs apart that way if you miss your axe head gets buried onto the
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ground and not into your foot as a word of warning it's probably best not to attempt this if you are a beginner and
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make sure the bottom log is on hard ground if possible do you find yourself having lots of loose cordage that is
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constantly getting tangled and messy you can sort this by using a simple method to hang up your cord and keep it tidy
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place one end of the cord on the V in between your thumb and forefinger pinch it there and then loop the cord over
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your baby finger and round back over your thumb in a figure-of-eight movement with a slight rotation of your hand you
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can wrap the cordage fast and tighten it off around your finger by wrapping up the cordage this way you now have the
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option of quick deployment by simply pulling on the cord it will unravel fast and it's ready to use right away no
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having to undo knots and tangles if you wake up in the morning and your fire has completely gone out and there are no
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members you can still get it going again as my friend Dustin from bushcraft tools demonstrates here pick up some of the
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powdered white ash and fine grains of charcoal place this into some cotton wool and roll it into a tube like shape
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like a cigarette the tighter and more compact he roll it the greater the chance of getting an
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ember using a flat piece of wood begin rolling the cotton wool backwards and forwards
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applying pressure as you do it the laws of physics apply here the downward pressure and backwards and forwards
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movement is creating friction and friction creates heat which when hot enough will warm up the ash and charcoal
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particles and create smoke when you add oxygen to the cotton wool an ember is created and this can be placed in a dry
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tinder bundle the cedar tree is one of nature's best providers of natural it has so many uses the leaves branches
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bark and roots can all be used as either building materials or for fire lighting it is also incredibly rot resistant
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which is why it is commonly used to build log cabins and wilderness structures the inner bark of cedar can
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not only be fluffed up and used as a tinder bundle but it can also be split down and used as natural rope or cordage
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I have used it to lash together a hazel frame when building a Native American wigwam similar to the tree root when
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soaked in water it helps to create a stronger binding when the bark is damp and the log is holding plenty of
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moisture it can be prised away from the log by hand you can often peel the bark away from the log in one piece this
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incredible resource can be used as roof tiles or shingles we used cedar bark as the roofing material for our viking
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house if you would like to watch the Viking series I will put a link to it in the video description one thing to note
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when using cedar bark as a roofing material is that once it's peeled it will start to dry out fast when it dries
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it shrinks so we kept it wet by putting in a lake overnight we also used cedar bark for the roof of our native-american
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wigwam it is certainly a resource our ancestors would have used potassium permanganate pretty lengthy word it's
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used for a number of skin conditions such as fungal infections of the foot dermatitis and superficial wounds but it
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can also be used to light fire sprinkle out some of the powder and pour in some vegetable glycerin which is also widely
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used in the food cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries it can take a minute or so for the two products to
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react chemically with each other but once they do you will start to see the potassium permanganate
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bubble and smoke will be released soon after the metier will burst into flame and you have
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yourself a fire the lesser spotted dogfish are very common in UK waters they are voracious feeders and can be
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caught from the shore or by bait you can catch them on mackerel squid or in fact most sea fishing bait it is edible
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although not eaten as much nowadays however the skin of the dogfish is very unique it has the texture of sandpaper
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and it was once highly sought-after to use when polishing wood word of warning if you are squeamish you may want to
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skip the next part once dispatched humanely you can use a knife and a pair of pliers to peel off the skin of the
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dogfish you can then use this skin straight up as sandpaper or you can dry out which makes the denticles and the
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skin stand out more this will make it more abrasive as my dad demonstrates here on the YouTube channel ta fishing
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he's used it straight up and you can see it wearing the wood away often when a head torch is left in a backpack it
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bumps around and the torch gets switched on you open your bag only to find that the battery on your head torch is flat
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not a good thing to happen during a night time survival situation to help prevent this flip the battery around so
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that the positive and negative terminals are reversed this should stop your head torch turning on automatically
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alternatively you could add a small piece of blue tag or cutout card to create a gap that will prevent any
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electrical connection being made the silver Birchtree is one of the most resourceful trees in the world it is
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fairly easy to identify with its silvery white bark being a standout factor but even when dead and rotting this tree can
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still provide a natural resource when it's decomposing the tree rots from the inside out so the bark tends to be one
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of the last remaining pieces left if you cut or pull the bark off you can use it to light a fire even in the
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wettest of weather if you scrape away the outer layer of bark you will see the red orange inner
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layer this is full of resin which when scraped into a dust pile can take to flame incredibly fast it also burns hot
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for a relatively long time long enough for you to build an established fire duct-tape something we are used to
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seeing in a DIY or hardware store but this should be one of the first items in anyone's survival kit it has so many
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uses you can use it to build shelters repair clothing and tents cover wounds to name just a few but one thing that it
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is great for is fire lighting in this example I am using Gorilla Tape you can hold the lighter to the tape itself and
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it will light easily enough but what if you don't have a lighter or a match if you use your knife you can tear the tape
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into thin strips if you bundle these strips together into a ball and shower sparks into it from a ferrocerium rod it
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won't be long before you see a flame it also burns for a long time giving you plenty of time to get your fire built up
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beware though if you're lighting the tape in your hand the flame will crawl up it fast and with the tape stuck to
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your hand you could burn yourself probably best to light this one on wood or the ground
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sadly plastic bottles are all too common in the wild these days but they can come in useful in a survival situation cut
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the bottle in half keep the cap on the top half gather some moss and put this in first the cap will stop this falling
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out compress this down and then add a grass next add some small stones and then a layer of larger stones this
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layering system will help to catch dirt particles from muddy water with another container gently pour in the dirty water
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the stones will catch the larger particles and the grass and moss will filter out smaller particles you can
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already see the difference in color with the first pour but after two or three pours you will really begin to notice a
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difference note that whilst this plastic bottle has filtered the water it is still not completely safe to drink you
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will need to boil the water afterwards in order for it to be drinkable you can also use wood ash and charcoal from the
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fire or sand in part of your filter thank you for watching this video I hope that you learned something from it and
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that you can apply some of these skills when you're out there in the world big THANK YOU to Skillshare for sponsoring
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us remember the first 1000 people to click the link in the description will get two months premium membership for

Source : Youtube